But how were cars invented and how did it start?
- 1769 – The evolution of cars started when Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, a French inventor, built Fardier à vapeur. It was the world’s first steam-powered automobile capable of human transportation.
- 1807 to 1808 – After that, François Isaac de Rivaz designed and invented the first car powered by an internal engine. Also, it is Hydrogen base fuel.
- 1827 to 1859 – Ányos István Jedlik invented the world’s first electric motor called lightning-magnetic self-rotor. Also, French physicist Gaston Planté invented the lead-acid battery.
- 1870 – Then a Jewish inventor named Siegfried Marcus invented the first gasoline-powered engine. He builds four more sophisticated combustion engine cars. In fact, it influenced later cars for over 10 to 15 years. Also, he created the two-cycle engine. Moreover, he created two more models improving his design by adding steering, a clutch, and a brake.
- 1876 to 1897 – A German engineer named Nikolaus Otto patented the four-stroke petrol engine. Meanwhile, a German mechanical engineer named Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel invented diesel engines. He experimented with the use of vegetable oils as diesel engine fuel.
- 1885 – Also, Karl Benz developed petrol or gasoline-powered automobile. It is his first “production” vehicle as he made several other identical copies. A single-cylinder four-stroke engine powered this automobile.
- 1913 – Ford Model T became the first automobile to be mass-produced on a moving assembly line. By 1927, Ford had produced over 15,000,000 Model T automobiles.
- 1922 to 1939 – Austin 7 is one of the most widely copied vehicles ever. It serves as a template for cars around the world, from BMW to Nissan.
- 1922 to 1931 – Then they launched a very advanced car and named it Lancia Lambda. It features a load-bearing monocoque and independent front suspension.
- 1924 to 1929 – Then Bugatti Type 35 emerge and became one of the most successful racing cars of all time. It has over 1,000 victories in five years.
- 1925–1928 – Hanomag 2/10 PS became the early example of ponton styling.
- 1927 to 1931 – Ford broke the production of Model (T) by restarting its model series with the 1927 Model (A). Hence, became the best-selling model of the era for producing more than 4 million.
- 1930 – Cadillac V-16 joined the Bugatti’s Royale which are the most legendary ultra-luxury cars of the era.
- 1932 to 1939 – Alvis Speed 20 became the first car gained an all-synchromesh gearbox.
- 1932 to 1948 – Then Ford V-8 (Model B) introduce the flathead V8 in mainstream vehicles.
- 1934–1938 – Tatra 77 is the first serial-produced car that has an aerodynamical design.
- 1934 to 1940 – Bugatti Type 57 became a single refined automobile for the wealthy.
- 1934 to 1956 – Citroën Traction Avant became the first mass-produced front-wheel-drive car with monocoque chassis.
- 1936 to 1955 – Later, the MG T series introduced as a two-seater sports car.
- 1936 to 1939 – Rolls Royce Phantom III came around and powered by a V12 engine.
- 1938 to 2003 – Volkswagen Beetle’s design reproduced for over 20 million units. Moreover, assembled in several countries for over 60 years.
- 1946 to 1958 – GAZ-M20 Pobeda is a Soviet car with full ponton design.
- 1947 to 1958 – Standard Vanguard is a British mass-market car with full ponton design.
- 1948 to 1971 – Morris Minor, an early post-war car exported around the world.
- 1953–1971 Chevrolet Bel Air and 1953–2002 Cadillac Eldorado Brougham – the first-generation representative of tailfin design.
- 1955 to 1976 – Due to its aerodynamic design and innovative technology, Citroën DS awarded third place as Car of the 20th Century.
- 1959 to 2000 – Mini awarded second place as Car of the 20th Century. Manufactured for four decades since it is a radical and innovative small car.
- 1960 to 1990 – Volkswagen Brasília is a rear-engined compact car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen in Brazil.
- 1961 to 1975 – Jaguar E-type is known for its classic sports car design.
- 1963 to 1989 – Porsche 911 is a sports car that has been awarded fifth place as Car of the 20th Century.
- 1964 to present – Ford Mustang is a pony car that became one of the best-selling cars of the era.
- 1966–end of the 20th century – Fiat 124 is an Italian car manufactured under license in many other counties including the Soviet Union.
- 1966 to 1971 – Subaru 1000 is one of the first Japanese built sedans. It used a boxer engine front-wheel drive. Also, introducing “double offset joint” driveshaft to the front wheels.
- 1967 – The basic wedge profile of NSU Ro 80 had been emulated in later decades, unlike its Wankel engine.
- late 1960s to early 1980’s – The rise of Gurgel BR-800 and Gurgel Supermini.
- 1969 – Datsun 240Z is a Japanese sports car.
- 1977 to present – Lada Niva was the first mass-produced all-wheel-drive car.
Moden car era
- 1966 to present – Toyota Corolla is a Japanese saloon/sedan. Then became the best-selling nameplate of all time. It sold over 40 million across 11 generations through July 2013.
- 1966 to 1992 – Oldsmobile Toronado introduced an electronic braking system and airbag. Also, the first American modern car with front-wheel drive.
- 1973 to present – Mercedes-Benz S-Class equipped with seat belt pretensioner. Also, It has an electronic traction control system.
- 1975 to present – BMW 3 Series has been on Car and Driver magazine’s annual Ten Best list 17 times.
- 1977 to present – Honda Accord saloon/sedan is a Japanese sedan that became popular in the United States.
- 1983 to present – Chrysler minivans is a two-box minivan design. It nearly pushed the station wagon out of the market.
- 1984 to present – Renault Espace is the first mass one-volume car of the non-commercial MPV class.
- 1986 to present – Ford Taurus is a mid-sized front-wheel-drive sedan. It dominated the United States market in the late-1980s.
- 1997 to present – The Japanese market launched Toyota Prius. It became the best known hybrid electric vehicle. Thus, became the world’s top-selling hybrid.
- 1998 to present – Ford Focus is one of the most popular hatchbacks and Ford’s best selling car.
Early 2000’s cars
- 2008 to present – Tata Nano was a rear-engine and inexpensive (₹100,000, ≈ $2200) car. Additionally, it is a four-passenger city car aimed at the Indian domestic market.
- 2008 to 2012 – Tesla Roadster was the first highway-capable electric vehicle for sale in the US. It sold about 2,500 units worldwide.
- 2008 to 2013 – BYD F3DM was the first highway-capable plug-in hybrid. Launched in China in December 2008 that sold over 2,300 units.
- 2009 up to present – Then Mitsubishi i-MiEV was the first highway-capable electric car. Launched in Japan in July 2009 for fleet customers and in April 2010 for retail customers.
- 2010 up to present – Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt, an all-electric car and plug-in hybrid, respectively. Launched in December 2010, it became the world’s top-selling vehicles of their kind. Global Volt sales totaled over 100,000 as of early December 2015. Also, Nissan Leaf global sales achieved the 300,000 unit in January 2018.
- 2012 up to present – Tesla Model S ranked as the world’s best selling in 2015. Thus, named the Car of the century by Car and Driver.